brenda armstrong, black woman pioneer in medicine & activist
By Christine Kinyua
Dr. Brenda Armstrong was among the first African-Americans to attend Duke as an undergraduate student. She later became the second black woman in the US to become a board-certified pediatric cardiologist. Armstrong and her peers established the Afro-American Society (AAS) in the spring of 1967 and served as its president. Armstrong helped organize protests of President Knight’s membership in the segregated Hope Valley Country Club and the subsequent study-in in Knight’s office in 1967.